Political Reports

How Could The World Deal with Violations of  RSF  in Sudan? 

Report:  Sudan Events -Talal Mudathir
Since  mid-April, the first spark war in Sudan between the government army  SAF and the  RSF, the world has been astonished at the displacement, forced displacement, and killings on an ethnic basis that have spread in Sudan. The result, after nearly seven months, is the displacement of more than 4.8 million people inside Sudan and 1.2 million to neighboring countries, according to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees(UNHCR).
 How many countries and organizations reacted to what was happening in the Sudan ?war…we will follow to see.
Germany initiates invitations and a suspicious stance towards France
 Germany’s minister for foreign affairs ,
Annalena Baerbock was the first to intervene in the ongoing Sudan war. On April 17 – that is, only two days after the outbreak of fighting – she called to stop the war  and said in a tweet on Twitter: “Both sides must stop hostilities and prevent Without further bloodshed.”she  confirmed that it supports efforts aimed at a ceasefire and indicated that it is being monitored developments accurately.
That  was the German idea  at that  time
Then,   Der Spiegel  news magazine  reported, citing unnamed sources, that a German army mission to evacuate about 150 citizens from Sudan was halted due to the fighting in the capital, Khartoum.
The magazine added that the German Air Force had sent three A400M transport planes ,to carry out the mission, the planes landed in Greece to refuel before canceling its mission.
The Spiegel report stated that the German army canceled the mission after renewed clashes and air strikes in Khartoum.
Germany then settled for international donors who pledged about $1.5 billion to help ease Sudan’s humanitarian crisis.
As for France, it did the same thing, its foreign ministry took the initiative with the start of the fighting to say that our priorities are the safety of our nationals in Sudan
However, another position that occurred on the nineteenth of June made the vision blurry regarding France’s position on the crisis.
The deployment of French troops on the borders of Chad and Sudan “without authorization and objected to by Chad” has revealed crises under the ashes, whether between Paris and some parties in power in Chad over state administration, or between France and Russia over influence
The Director of the Center for “Monitoring” Conflicts in the African Sahel, Mohamed Ali Kilani at the time, explained the reason for the Chadian objection to the French deployment, that “there is a French tendency to support armed groups towards the Sudanese border, and the French agreed with Chadian generals, but there are differences within the Chadian army on the matter, which led to the visit of Mohamed Déby to the border area.” The Chadian Republican Guard at the time stopped a French force in the city of Adri on the border between Sudan and Chad, during President Mohamed Idriss Déby’s tour of the city to inspect the situation with The presence of Sudanese refugees.
This sparked confusion and a foggy vision about the French position towards Sudan’s violations, despite the statements of “Patrice Pauli”, the regional spokesman for the French Foreign Ministry on the nineteenth of last April, in which he said that his country has expressed its concern since the beginning of the crisis about the situation in Sudan recently and calling for a ceasefire.
Britain.. Absent Roles
Britain is the former colonial ruler with deep historical ties to Sudan in addition to being responsible for drafting resolutions in the Security Council.
But despite all this and its strong position to participate, the UK has remained relatively distant since the fighting began in April and its initial focus has gone beyond evacuating civilians and is only mentioned.
A statement by its representative to the United Nations on September 22 accusing the RSF  of committing atrocities in Darfur before issuing a statement last Friday expressing alarm at the growing and credible reports of the RSF in Darfur , committing serious human rights violations again.
“We are deeply concerned by reports from El Geneina and Ardamata in West Darfur of ethnically targeted violence against men and boys, and extrajudicial executions including the killing of Masalit community leader Farsha Mohamed Arbab and members of his family.
The Embassy went on to added that it was clear that civilians continued to bear the brunt of the actions of the warring parties,
It stressed that deliberately directing attacks on the civilian population was a war crime
Security Council. Continuous convictions
At the level of the UN Security Council, the Sudan war crisis has recently received many meetings to discuss the crisis after a single statement on the crisis in Sudan issued since the beginning of the conflict, while the three African members, Gabon, Ghana and Mozambique, rejected a draft statement drafted by the United Kingdom in the Security Council on Sudan and demanded to focus on the efforts of the “African Union” to secure a ceasefire and resume dialogue between the parties, which prompted “Human Rights Watch” to attack them, stressing that These States recognize that the continued deterioration of the situation in Sudan underscores the need for stronger measures by the Security Council.
The UN Security Council “has repeatedly failed civilians in Darfur and the three African members of the council must refocus attention on the protection of civilians there and across Sudan, which means credible investigations into ongoing abuses, and strengthening the UN’s capacity to monitor and report on human rights across the country,” the organization said.
 The Council returned last June and unanimously agreed to extend the United Nations Integrated Transitional Assistance Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) until 3 December, a limited period that highlights the sensitive situation in Sudan.
UNITAMS is Following
The United Nations Integrated Transitional Support Mission in Sudan (UNITAMS) seemed to be the most reactive to the crisis by virtue of the fact that its mandate is now concerned with the protection of civilians more than the transition order now the mission condemned the “indiscriminate targeting” of civilians and public facilities by the RSF in more than one statement, the last of which was yesterday.
The mission issued a statement saying it had received “worrying reports from a variety of credible sources on the ground” that RSF-aligned Arab militias committed “serious human rights violations, particularly in the Ardamta neighbourhood of El Geneina, West Darfur , from 4 to 6 November 2023, following the RSF’s takeover of the base of the 15th Infantry Division of the Sudanese Armed Forces in El Geneina.
“Reports also indicate that these killings targeted the Masalit community,” the statement said. The mission noted that human rights officers are currently investigating and following up on these reports to obtain additional information and confirm the details contained therein, including the number of victims and those responsible for these violations.
Will the pressure of the world result?
With the escalation of battles in Sudan and the intensification of fighting, there remains a need for more effective positions from the international community towards ethnic-based killings, looting, looting and forced displacement, especially in Darfur, where the Militia has invaded the region and done everything. Everything is in disregard of the world and its laws, do you see it as a punishment guarantee.

Related Articles

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Back to top button